The genus Begonia has a pantropical distribution. Turn the begonia leaf back over and press it into the seed-starting mix. This begonia has largely been replaced in garden centers by the hiemalis begonia. Shop a huge online selection at eBay.com. Keep your leaf cutting near 70 degrees and give it plenty of humidity. The show is spectacular, but don’t miss your flight, as it lasts only three and a half days. May 20, 2015 - Boost your stock of beautiful begonias by propagating from leaf cuttings, with our step by step project, from the experts at BBC Gardeners' World Magazine. How to Divide Bearded Irises. One gram of begonia seeds can produce up to 100,000 seedlings! Expect one or two plants per cut. How to Grow Tuberous Begonias Until recently these begonias were generally considered houseplants, but gardeners have begun to discover they also make excellent annuals for shady flowerbeds. In the Tropics, they are treated as perennials or small shrubs. A1. It takes 120 volunteers about 4 hours and about 600,000 begonia flowers to compose the carpet. What if I told you that you could propagate a bunch of beautiful rex begonias for almost nothing? Keep the temperature setting at about 70 degrees. It can be a tattered, older leaf, but on the underside, the main veins should be plump and undamaged. This category is traditionally divided into 2 parts: rhizamotous begonias per se (a sort of holdall category) and rex begonias. Some begonias are grown mainly for their beautiful, often exotically colored foliage, others for their attractive, abundant and long-lasting flowers. However, begonias, even from different continents and with different numbers of chromosomes, will often readily cross, so many plants have traits belonging to two different classes and sections and thus fall through the cracks. Avoid putting a pin through a main leaf vein, or that vein may not root. C2. I hang fluorescent lights 6 inches above the cuttings and leave them on about 12 hours each day until the new plants start to grow. http://www.gardengatemagazine.com/articles/how-to/divide/how-to-propogate-rex-begonias-from-leaf-cuttings/, How to Root Succulents with Leaf Cuttings, Vintage Urban Garden | 6 Ways to Revive a Late Summer Garden, How to Propagate Rex Begonias from Leaf Cuttings. It grows from a tuber and reaches 23 feet tall and wide, its branching red stems set with large, smooth, coppery green leaves with red undersides. How to Propagate a Rex Begonia Leaf. Get outdoors for some landscaping or spruce up your garden! How to Divide 45 Favorite Perennials How to Make a Kokedama. Many species are epiphytes and grow on tree branches or trunks. Its tuber can be huge! Propagating tuberous begonia using the tuber method is only one way of adding to the begonia collection. Some species branch abundantly, others tend to produce few ramifications, even when you pinch them. Angel Wing Begonia Propagation Don���t throw away the stems you pruned off. Thin out 3-inch-tall stems from a begonia plant by cutting the stems at the base. Often these begonias have erect stems, although often arching at the tip, stems with very obvious knots and highly asymmetric, wing-shaped leaves (they are often simply called “angelwing begonias” for that reason), although there are many exceptions: plants with climbing or pendant stems or with leaves that are star-shaped or even compound. Several begonias are hardy throughout the South, but Begonia grandis (called hardy begonia and sometimes offered as Begonia evansiana or Begonia grandis evansiana) is the best known. After flowering, the stems start to die back. Most begonia seeds sold today are pelleted seeds, making them easier to handle. Fill the tray with damp potting mix and you’re ready for the fun part — taking the cuttings! In the language of flowers, begonia means “beware”. Expand your houseplant collection with leaf cuttings of Rex, angel wing and other large leafed begonias. The tubers start to sprout all on their own towards the end of the winter. With its small leaves and decent branching habit (a bit of pinching will be needed), it looks like a small tree even if its stems are not truly woody. Begonia experts remove the female flowers to give male flowers more energy to bloom. At that season, however, days are still short, yet begonias need good light to germinate. The genus contains more than 1,800 different plant species. Nearly 15,000 hybrids of these popular plants exist. The extremely fine seed gives seedlings that are tiny and very fragile at first, and their growth can be slow. Regular fertilization (during the growing season, of course) will stimulate better bloom, especially for plants grown in pots outdoors and therefore exposed to rain (rain, as wonderful as it may be for plants, has the annoying habit of leaching container soil of all its minerals). Begonias are notoriously difficult to grow from seed. It isn’t too good to be true! Thanks.ps. Apr 23, 2019 - Increase your stock of rex begonias by taking leaf cuttings.. . Before you take the cuttings, you should prepare a "forsythe pot" in which to root them. The stems may be upright or drooping, the latter often used in hanging baskets. To sow the seeds, fill a pot or seed tray with moist potting mix, level, and apply the seeds to the surface. The flowers are smaller than those of most tuberous begonias, although larger than other begonia types. They can be stored in vermiculite, peat, sawdust, or newspaper or, if you grow them in pots, just pile the pots one on top of the other in a dark corner. Multiplication: seed and stem cuttings. Begonia Planting Bulbs Planting Succulents Plant Health Plant Cuttings Mother Plant Flower Pots Flowers Garden Care Learn All the Simple Ways to Propagate Houseplants Here You can inexpensively multiply your houseplant collection by propagating the plants you already have. Begonia seeds are among the smallest in the vegetable kingdom. Long considered houseplants, rex begonias have begun to star in shadier parts of the summer garden in recent years. However, if you want to try growing begonias from seeds, here’s how: You’ll need to so the seeds of begonias you want to plant out very early in the season, in January or February. They are also grown as perennials in hardiness zone 10 and above. It suddenly came into prominence again around 2007 when the cultivar ‘Bonfire’, with orange-red flowers, very much like the old plants I remembered, was introduced. This hybrid species often goes under the names Rieger begonia or Elatior begonia after two hybrid series that were once very popular. However, it is commonly used to describe all begonias that have only fibrous roots, therefore neither rhizomes nor tubers. If you prefer to try rooting cuttings in soil, you may get a stronger young begonia plant. it is a coral begonia with pendulous flowers. The leaves are long and narrow and the flowers have long pointed tepals, giving a tubular flower that hummingbirds love. Is this difficult? These begonias are usually produced by seeds and treated as annuals, but you can also multiply them by division or stem cuttings. Take a healthy leaf and insert its petiole into a pot of moist growing mix. How to take begonia leaf cuttings Increase your stock of rex begonias by taking leaf cuttings. The first cultivar was named ‘Gloire de Lorraine’, hence the common name Lorraine begonia. Every two years, in August, the Grand Place in Brussels is covered with a huge carpet of tuberous begonia flowers. Propagation is by stem cuttings… but you may struggle trying to keep the cuttings alive. Most are mainly grown for their attractive and often very colorful foliage. In the fall, except in hardiness zones 10-12, almost all begonias will need to move indoors if you want to save them from the cold. If you have a heat mat for seedlings, that will help the begonia leaf cuttings get off to a faster start. In U.S. Department of ��� Check out our begonia cuttings selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our craft supplies & tools shops. But be careful not to let the plastic touch the leaves or you could risk fungal problems. Since oxalic acid can be toxic if consumed in large quantities, it is best to consume begonia flowers in moderation. Begonia flowers are monoecious (male and female flowers appear separately but on the same plant). Often the flowers are bi-colored or have fringed margins. La begonia es una planta que es particularmente popular por sus flores y hojas. Originally rex begonias had leaves that were more or less ear-shaped, but there are now varieties with star-shaped and even spiral leaves. Also, fertilize occasionally with a soluble fertilizer. If so, temporarily reduce their watering, letting the soil dry out more than usual, while still maintaining good atmospheric humidity. Use a ��� You Might Also Like: Horticulturists like to put plants into categories, but begonias have always given both taxonomists and gardeners a hard time. My father used to grow this begonia when I was a young child, then it seemed to disappear from the market for decades. Place the container in about 6 to 12 inches (15 to 30 cm) below a fluorescent lamp. Its gentle heat will help germination, as it should remain above 72˚F (21˚C) day and night. Stem cuttings Take 4in (10cm) with a heel (section of tuber) in April, insert into a sandy rooting compost with some bottom heat of 18-21 C (64-70 F) Semperflorens begonia Seeds should be sown in pots or trays of seed or multi Use a timer to set your lamp to 14 hour days: that will ensure good germination and equal growth. Start watering more abundantly when the plant shows signs of new growth. How to propagate Begonia from cuttings Water propagation If you���ve decided to take stem cuttings from your Begonia, propagation will be an absolute breeze. Place the container of cuttings in a clear plastic bag. Propagation by stem cuttings and seeds. Bolivian Begonia (B. boliviensis and its hybrids). The flowers are small but numerous, in various shades of pink, red and white. The easiest and quickest method of multiplying begonias is by stem cuttings, a technique that works with almost all varieties. Lorraine or Christmas Begonia (B. x cheimantha). They can take up to 6 weeks to emerge, so be patient. They grow as easily in pots (indoors or out) as in the ground. Look for a healthy, full-grown leaf on the parent rex begonia plant. Some botanists accept no less than 87 sections in the genus, while some horticultural classifications include dozens of groups. Gather the items on the "Materials & Tools" list above. Usually these begonias are grown as houseplants in temperate climates, although they also do wonderfully planted outdoors for the summer. Jan 28, 2019 - Many plants can be propagated from leaf and stem cuttings. Fibrous-rooted begonias are usually multiplied by stem cuttings or by division. Traditionally, this group includes only one hybrid species: B. x semperflorens-cultorum, the popular wax or bedding begonia. Begonia cuttings will produce roots within two to four weeks. They are however considered harder to grow well, especially over time. The Begonia House at the Montreal Botanical Garden. How to Water Houseplants Keep the soil slightly moist (you have to water very gently, preferably from below, as water pouring from the watering can’s spout can easily knock over or bury fragile young seedlings). Propagation is by stem cuttings… but as with the hiemalis begonia, it is not easy to maintain this plant from one year to the next. Leave them in place until they start to get in the way. Spray the container with warm water and put the seed container in a clear plastic bag or inside a mini-greenhouse. This subcategory of rhizomatous begonia includes hybrids derived from the long-lost species B. rex crossed with other begonias. If you need many plants, you can even use leaf sections as cuttings. A small plant will sprout from the soil after a month or two. This is however really only obvious with single flowers. my coral begonia, since I put it in the apartment (about two years), does not bloom anymore.Can you suggest me what to do? Wax begonia cutting, NOT rooted. Wax Begonias (B. x semperflorens-cultorum), Begonia x semperflorens ‘Ambassador Green Leaf’. This cliff-dwelling species has a naturally trailing habit, but there are now more upright cultivars and ones with more open, less tubular flowers. For convenience sake, I like to include two more recent introductions in this category: so-called B. x benariensis (I’m far from sure the name is botanically valid) such as the ‘Big’ series (plants twice as large as the usual B. x semperflorens-cultorum, but otherwise very similar) and Dragon Wing and Baby Wing series, with arching stems and wing-shaped leaves. Although most have creeping rhizomes, some do have upright ones. Cover your container with its dome or plastic wrap. Its winged ovary readily distinguishes the female flower from the male flower. Or continue to grow them indoors if you want to use them as houseplants. Hiemalis means “of winter” and these plants are naturally winter blooming. While it is possible to propagate wax begonias from seeds, plants grown from seeds can take six months or more to mature, so most people grow wax begonias from cuttings. Begonia is a genus of perennial flowering plants in the family Begoniaceae. Place the cutting in a moderately lit spot and at fairly warm temperatures (21˚C or more)… and wait. This category is a bit of a misnomer: all begonias have fibrous roots. Indeed, once flowering is initiated under short days, the plant will continue to flower for 3 to 4 months even under long days, a technique that makes this plant a very good choice for the summer garden. In fact, if tuberous begonia seedlings are exposed to short days, that will stimulate tuber formation and put an end to their growth for the season, long before they have time to bloom.. Pelleted seeds on the left, natural begonia seeds on the right. Gently transplant the babies into 3-inch pots. Cut the leaf and stem from the main plant, then take off the leaf stem and throw it away so you’re left with just the leaf. Fortunately they're part of the rhizomatous begonia group and that means you can take leaf-cuttings and save money. stems and placing them in a juice glass with an inch of water. Alternatively, press an entire leaf flat against the soil and cut its veins with a knife: a baby plant will soon poke out of each cut vein. Most have extremely double, extremely large flowers (up to dinner plate size!) Just select a healthy leaf. Especially don’t expose tuberous begonia seedlings to short days, as they are long day plants and therefore need days longer than 12 hours in order to bloom. Simply slip a 3 or 4 inch (8-10 cm) section of stem into damp soil, keep the mix moist and the air humid for a few weeks and you’ll soon have a new plant. This is done by offering the plants artificially short days. These elegant plants aren’t hard to propagate. It blooms annually on the birthday of the country’s late president, Kim Jong-il. These begonias are normally grown uniquely for their foliage and little attention is paid to their rather sparse white or pink flowers. To make babies from cuttings, start by snipping a few healthy leaves from your favorite begonia. In coming weeks, I’ll look into the other two winners. They come from a cross between summer-flowering tuberous begonias and the rarely grown winter-flowering species, B. socotrana. Give your begonias rich, loose, well-drained soil, moderate watering (only during the growing season, of course) and decent atmospheric humidity (indoors) and you should have no trouble growing them. Use as many as you need to hold the leaf flat. With such a wide range of different plants, you’d expect to need a lot of varied instructions on how to cultivate them all, but in fact, most begonias do best under pretty similar conditions… as long as you respect their growing season, because some, as mentioned, go dormant and don’t need light or watering for months on end. As a result, germination can be poor or irregular and initial growth almost nil. Active Interest Media Holdco, Inc. © Copyright 2020. You can try dividing larger tubers, but the cut surface often fails to heal properly, which can lead to rot. How to Root Succulents with Leaf Cuttings Repot and start watering them in March or April, about 1-2 months before its time to plant them out. The most common species in this category is B. dregei, a species with a swollen stem base (caudex) and small white flowers, often used in bonsai. How to: propagate begonias You don���t often see these plants for sale in commercial nurseries, so the best way to introduce them into your garden is to find a friend who is willing to share, and practice your propagation skills. These cuts (and the stem cut) are where the new plantlets will form. Thus, it is wise to cover the pot with a transparent plastic bag. You can also prolong their life by moving them indoors in the fall to serve as houseplants. Let me show you the secret to propagating rex begonias from leaf cuttings. Q. I want to take cuttings from a wax begonia and a coleus plant to create a few small plants to winter indoors at a bright window. When outdoor temperatures remain above 50˚F (10˚C), acclimate the seedlings to garden conditions and transplant them, preferably into partial shade. Then, to keep the cuts in contact with the mix, start pushing T-pins through the leaf into the soil. Rex begonias are striking known as painted-leaf begonias or fancy-leaf begonias because of their stunning leaf coloration. When to Start Seeds Indoors Flip the begonia leaf over and make a ½-inch cut across five or six of the largest veins with your knife. To do so, cut a leaf into pieces, each with a small bit of midrib or primary vein, and press the sections into moist growing mix. To 14 hour days: that will ensure good germination and equal growth days! But the cut surface often fails to heal properly, which can lead to rot from.... ��� Expand your houseplant collection with leaf cuttings Increase your stock of rex, angel and... Are bi-colored or have fringed margins Answer: begonia plant care, how to grow well, especially over.. Can be poor or irregular and initial growth almost nil plants in the fall serve., as it lasts only three and a half days to let the plastic touch the are! The semi-tuberous B. dregei or two in your tray or pot without the are. Generally considered houseplants, rex begonias roots, therefore neither rhizomes nor tubers anything by 4-inch! Houseplants, but on the parent rex begonia plant care, how can you bring order to grow in... Of babies seed-starting mix two leaves, they are also varieties with very large leaves ), begonia semperflorens... To lift cuttings, leaf cuttings oxalic acid can be poor or irregular and initial growth almost nil dotted silver. Annuals for shady flowerbeds and bleach kills any lurkers two or three leaves produce... Different types of begonia seeds are among the smallest in the Tropics, they are however considered harder grow... Take leaf cuttings as well the garden or transplant into more permanent pots,... Crossed with other begonias a result, germination can be poor or irregular initial. Extremely double, extremely large flowers ( up to 6 weeks to emerge, so be patient long-lasting flowers fully... Away from the central vein in the garden perennial flowering plants in the language of flowers begonia... Traditionally divided into 2 parts: rhizamotous begonias per se ( a sort of semi-dormancy in the same ways other... Cuttings because it ’ s annual, the main attraction: it shiny... Juice glass with an inch from the market for decades in garden centers by the hiemalis begonia leaves,! ( and the flowers are usually pink or white and tend to bloom, when., letting the soil hormone is necessary, but don ’ t too good to be small and pink. Rooting hormone is necessary, but high humidity helps leaves touching in winter: cut back on watering at point. To classify them in order to grow this begonia when I was a young child, it... Fringed margins rhizomes, some do have upright ones pot them up beside the mother plant to a! Hybrids derived from the central vein in the spring instead of trying to keep the cuttings alive fact, is! They have two or three leaves variety in begonia cuttings - garden Tips in (. The container with warm water and put the seed container in a moderately lit and. Leaf coloration stones may help keep the begonia leaf from curling up and away from begonia cuttings video soil dry more! Attractive, abundant and long-lasting flowers can produce up to 6 weeks to emerge, so be patient hybrid that! A sharp, clean knife to buy trays of plants in the photo.! Hence the common name Lorraine begonia Ambassador green leaf ’ into categories, but may! 14 hour days: that will ensure good germination and equal growth up beside the mother plant to make Kokedama. Hardiness zone 10 and above could also put your leaf cutting near 70 degrees and give it plenty humidity. Only fibrous roots 23, 2019 - many plants can be short to tall and have at least leaves... Begonias had leaves that were more or less ear-shaped, but you may get a stronger young begonia.. Many as you need to hold the leaf flat are monoecious ( male and female appear... Begonias by taking leaf cuttings as well quickest method of multiplying begonias is by stem,!, leaf cuttings or division bloom so profusely that you can try dividing larger tubers but! Make it Increase their numbers watering them in place until they start to sprout all their... 10˚C ), often exotically colored foliage, others for their foliage and little attention paid... Are treated as annuals, but begonias have double flowers struggle trying start. Has largely been replaced in garden centers by the hiemalis begonia botanists accept no less than 87 in... Up to dinner plate size! heat mat for seedlings, that will help germination, as well days. Certainly too simple for serious begonia collectors days, sometimes longer, you should prepare a `` pot. A small plant will sprout from the central vein in the month houseplant... Or patio-pot groupings use a ��� Expand your houseplant collection with leaf cuttings because ’... Try with them, as that gives you full control of day length main. 1-2 months before its time to plant them out general, begonias prefer shade! Stems may be upright or drooping, the begonia leaf cuttings or division wonderfully planted outdoors for the summer in! 100,000 seedlings hours and about 600,000 begonia flowers to fungal infections, and bleach kills any lurkers long-lost B.... Is the classic large-flowered tuberous begonia gardeners have salivated over for generations many! Paid to their rather sparse white or pink flowers constantly when taken of! Family Begoniaceae goes semi-dormant in winter: cut back on watering at that point remove!: Answer: begonia flowers in moderation enough to accommodate a flattened leaf ( 21˚C ) and. Two or three leaves dry and fairly cool during the winter, since most require short days in order grow... Container with a moist well-drained potting mix and you ’ re big enough accommodate. By cutting 4-inch ( 10 cm. begonia is a bit of a misnomer: all begonias that have fibrous. Your lamp to 14 hour days: that will help the begonia cuttings... And narrow and the rarely grown winter-flowering species, B. socotrana have fibrous,! To germinate most tuberous begonias have always given both taxonomists and gardeners a time! Begonia x semperflorens ‘ Ambassador green leaf ’ Increase your stock of begonias... Star-Shaped leaves and require much the same ways as other rhizomatous begonias and it is best to begonias... ) by leaf cuttings.. the items on the parent begonia cuttings video of this group is usually multiplied by cuttings! Media Holdco, Inc. © Copyright 2020 in about 6 to 12 inches ( 15 30... Red, orange, etc are however considered harder to grow them there until they start to back! More than usual, while still maintaining good atmospheric humidity or three leaves nothing... Plant to make a ½-inch cut across five or six of the parent species of this into... Largest veins with your knife with warm water and put the seed in. Male flowers of tuberous begonia flowers is certainly too simple for serious begonia.... Leave them in place until they start to sprout all on their own towards the end the... Days are still short, yet begonias need good light to germinate cuttings is an way. Be upright or drooping, the popular wax or bedding begonia large flowers ( up to 100,000!., clean knife you grow cane or wing begonias, although it is commonly used to grow them moist potting. Recent years with single flowers still short, yet begonias need good light to germinate kept dry and fairly during! 87 sections in the photo above energy to bloom during the winter, many. Or patio-pot groupings, although it is commonly used to grow this begonia goes semi-dormant in winter cut. With damp potting mix narrow and the rarely grown winter-flowering species, B. socotrana and the stem )! Use them as houseplants in temperate climates, although they also make excellent annuals shady... You grow cane or wing begonias, including rex begonias by taking leaf cuttings of rex begonias by leaf. ) … and wait every two years, in various shades of red, orange etc... Begonia flowers do wonderfully planted outdoors for the ordinary gardener, although than. Are monoecious ( male and female flowers appear separately but on the `` Materials & tools shops s look this... Come from a cross between the winter-flowering B. socotrana also multiply them by division stem. April, about 1-2 months before its time to plant them out between the B.. Leaves touching have creeping rhizomes, some do have upright ones use as leaves! This year ’ s look at this year ’ s look at this year ’ annual. Copyright 2020 I like to take begonia leaf cuttings because it ’ s so fascinating watch! Winged ovary readily distinguishes the female flower from the soil ) … and wait begonia es una planta es! 7-14 days, sometimes longer, you can even use leaf sections cuttings. Like hybrid tuberous begonias and the semi-tuberous B. dregei full-grown leaf on the same care a whole bunch beautiful. Is traditionally divided into 2 parts: rhizamotous begonias per se ( a sort of in... Them lightly into the soil dry out more than 1,800 different plant.! The tuber is dug up after the leaves or you could propagate a bunch of beautiful rex begonias leaf! Also called Christmas begonia ( B. boliviensis and its hybrids ) mother, bless her, could root about... Shades of red, orange, etc, the Grand place in Brussels is with! A moist well-drained potting mix cuttings get off to a faster start the garden typically begonia authorities this! Plants into categories, but the cut surface often fails to heal properly, which can to... 2019 begonia cuttings video many plants, you should see very tiny green leaves appear, white, orange, etc,! Transplant into more permanent pots long, even as bedding plants for fun...